Tuzla is a town located in the northeastern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina, on the slopes of Majevica Mountain, at an average altitude of 239 meters. Tuzla Canton is a canton with the largest population in Bosnia and Herzegovina, with over 450,000 inhabitants.
Tuzla represents one of the oldest settlements in Europe, as evidenced by the remains of an old pile dwelling settlement from the Neolithic period. Tuzla was first mentioned in 950, when Constantine Porphyrogenitus, in his work “On State Management”, explicitly referred to Tuzla under the Roman name “Salines” – the city of salt. In 1463, Tuzla fell under Ottoman rule and got its present name, which is derived from the Turkish word “tuz” – salt. Salt production and salt revenues were key factors in the economic life of Tuzla. In 1878, Bosnia and Herzegovina was occupied by the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy. The Austro-Hungarian monarchy tried to exploit the natural resources of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and one of the primary goals was the Tuzla coalition. The first saline was built in 1885 and represents the beginning of industrial salt production in Tuzla. After the end of the First World War Tuzla, as well as the rest of Bosnia and Herzegovina, was part of the newly founded Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, since 1929, the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. On July 17, 1998, the UNHCR declared Tuzla an open city.
Pannonian lakes represent unique examples of saline lakes in Europe, and the complex consists of three lakes of varying sizes and depths, and salty waterfalls. What is very fascinating is the location of the lake – in the very centre of the city! Within the complex of the Pannonian Lakes, there is the Archaeological Park Neolithic-Aegean Settlement, the Geological Settlement “Pannonica” Museum, as well as a children’s amusement park and sports fields. Pannonian lakes are known for their healing properties thanks to the content of salt and other minerals, which help to treat various rheumatic and respiratory diseases.
The Square of Freedom in Tuzla is the largest square in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The reconstructed Baroque building from the Austro-Hungarian period is located in the square, and an archeological site with very significant remains of archaeological material has also been discovered. The central place in the square is occupied by a large fountain with accompanying contents and ornaments as well as stećak decorations.
Spend the day enjoying the beauty of the Pannonian Lake in a relaxing pedal boat ride.
Pannonian lakes represent unique examples of saline lakes in Europe, and the complex consists of three lakes of varying sizes and depths, and salty waterfalls.
The Tuzla bicycle race was organized as a sports amateur event in order to promote cycling as a sport and a healthy life. The total length of the route is 14 kilometers, and it is also adapted for recreation. You do not need to pay an entry fee to participate, but you will need plenty of goodwill and an adventurous spirit!
Tuzla and Tuzla Canton are known for their rich gastronomic tradition. Although Tuzla cuisine is better known for its local specialties, there are various dishes of Italian, Mediterranean and Eastern European cuisine. As for drinks, Tuzla boasts an impressive wine list dominated by Herzegovinian wines and varieties of žilavka, blatina, and trnjak. Tuzla restaurants serve both international and local flavors.